Diabetes mellitus is increase in blood glucose level. diabetes is caused by pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding to the insulin which is produced
Diabetes mellitus is further classified into three types:
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
- Type 2diabeties mellitus and
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
In type 1 diabetes mellitus body will not produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes mellitus insulin resistance occurs that is cells fail to use insulin property and in gestational diabetes mellitus it occurs during pregnancy. The symptoms of diabetes mellitus are polyphagea,poly urea (excess of urination),rapid weight loss, inceresed thirst, blurry vision, slow hilling wounds.
Untreated diabetes may lead to many complications like diabetic Retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic food ulcer, diabetic ketoacedosis,and also heart fail Diabetes can also be caused by genetically from generation to generation it can also be caused by lack of secondary life style, lack of physical stress, and lack of exercise
Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus includes:
it is diagnosed by testing of blood sample , clinical manistfication,glucose tolerance test these includes fasting plasma glucose,glycated hemoglobin ,impaired fasting glucose,impared glucose tolerance. Management of diabetes mellitus includes smoking, elevated cholesterol level, obesity, high blood pressure and lack of regular exercise.Life style modification includes taking good nutrition’s, maintaining body weight and sensible exercise
Treatment includes: dietery management and physical activity, insulin therapy there are four major types of insulin they are rapid acting, short acting, and intermidate acting and long acting and oral medications. Diabetes mellitus can be prevented by controlled by controlling weight loss, lower blood sugar ,should take plenty of fiber foods like vegatibles, beans, whole grains, nuts and seeds, should maintain cholesterol and triglycerides level. Thus diabetes mellitus is chronic lifelong condition which effects your body’s ability to use the energy present In food.
As we all know prevention is better than cure so we should maintain our body in a healthy way.